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Islamic Prayer Times - Five Daily Prayers

islam prayers fajr

Here is the first prayer through the day at dawn. Islamic tradition distinguishes two different times for dawn: once the first light appears at the horizon, rather vertical (much like the "tail of the wolf" as tradition says), and then, following this first light disappears, when the light from the early day spreads horizontally throughout the horizon.

salat prayer
The very first dawn is called "Subh Kadhib" or "Fajr-al-Mustateel" as well as the second "Subh Sadiq" or "Fajr-al-Mustatir". Fajr shall be prayed on the second dawn, Subh Sadiq. However, even as we explain below, adjustments have to be generated for higher latitudes where the glow through the day never disappears in summer and don't appears during winter.

Zuhr or Duhur:

The midday prayer just like the sun declines after you have reached its highest position in the sky (zenith). Zuhr is prayed five minutes after zenith.


The mid-afternoon prayer. Some time on this prayer is determined in line with the entire shadow of the stick planted in your yard. In line with the major schools of jurisprudence in Islam: Maliki, Shafi'I, Hanbali, Hanafi and Ja'afriyah (Shia), the duration of the cisco kid with regards to that relating to the stick is calculated differently (factors varying in one or two). We give under the details of these various options. Every one of these traditions are legitimate and worthy of respect. We leave a choice of the college towards the user.


The prayer at sunset. However, physical factors including refraction plus material factors such as the height of your building inside a city or the spread with this city lead us to solve time of this prayer 3 minutes as soon as the theoretical period of sunset because it appears in newspapers. The Shia tradition sets the Maghrib prayer 17 minutes after the theoretical setting in the sun. Within our tables, we have retained merely the first option: 3 minutes after sunset.


The night prayer later in the day. In the same way for Fajr, Islamic tradition distinguishes two times of dusk, both called "Shafaq". After sunset, heaven is first ablaze using a red colour. This really is "Shafaq al Ahmar". Later, the red colour disappears, leaving room for a whiteness with the sky. This really is "Shafaq al Abyad". The time period of these phases increases with altitude. The most important schools of Islam fix the Isha prayer either with the disappearance of Shafaq al Ahmar or with the disappearance of Shafaq al Abyad. Both traditions are legitimate and, like for Asr, we leave careful analysis the person. However, in terms of Fajr, adjustments are essential for Isha at higher latitudes when Shafaq al Abyad hardly ever disappears in summer. In these cases we could either use a mix of Shafaq al Ahmar and Shafaq al Abyad called "Shafaq General" or use other techniques that possess the consensus from the Islamic community. We'll explain these methods inside the following.

Let us note any point: whereas the prayer times for Zuhr, Asr and Maghrib are rather well defined inside the Holy Koran as well as in the Hadiths, thereby allow a precise mathematical formulation, such is not case with Fajr and Isha. The description of in the Koran plus the Hadiths leaves a margin of interpretation, and hence for different formulations. For this reason, we take care of what follows to clarify the technique we have adopted in order to calculate both of these moments of prayer specially.

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